Manaus is located in the Northern Region of Brazil, in the heart of the world’s largest rainforest, at the confluence of the Negro and Solimões rivers. It is the capital of the largest Brazilian state in terms of territorial extension – the state of Amazonas. It is one of the main and most important cities of Brazil. The city, on the right bank of the Rio Negro, is 11,401,092 km² in territorial area. It was founded in 1669 and, until the nineteenth century, was known as the Barra of the Negro River. It was called the village in 1832, and after was called “Manaus” in honor of an Indian tribe of the same name, whose name means “Mother of the gods”.
The climate is humid tropical (monsoon) due to its proximity to the Equator and the Amazon Rainforest, and has an annual average temperature of 27 ° C, high humidity (79% -89%) and a considerable annual rainfall (2 307.4 mm). During the golden age of the rubber cycle, at the beginning of the 20th century, Manaus was intensively modernized, attracting foreign investment and immigrants from different parts of the world, especially the French. The architectural and cultural inheritance resulting from that time yielded it the title of “the Paris of the Tropics”.
Manaus, today, is the 7th most populous city in the country and the largest in the Amazon, with a population of 2,145,444 estimated in 2018, and is the most important urban, political, financial, commercial and sociocultural center of the Amazonas state, 84% of the state’s economy is due to its productivity, and it is the 7th largest state GDP in the country (IBGE, 2015).
The Industrial Hub of Manaus (PIM) is one of the most modern in Latin America, bringing together around 500 leading industries in the areas of electronics, two-wheeled vehicles, optical products, computer products, chemical industry, pharmaceutical industry and beverage industries , generating over half a million direct and indirect jobs. In addition, Manaus has monuments, museums, parks, beaches, research institutes and theaters, such as the fascinating Amazonas Opera House, the National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA), the Amazon Biotechnology Center (CBA) Mindu Municipal Park, Ponta Negra Beach, Phelippe Daou Bridge (“Rio Negro Bridge”) and the Amazonian Museum (MUSA), which occupies 100 hectares of the Adolpho Ducke Forest Reserve.
With a cosmopolitan character, Manaus attracts immigrants and tourists from a wide range of nationalities, having been elected the 4th best city to live in Brazil and the 127th in the world according to the Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2016 by one of the largest consulting firms of the World, Mercer. In 2014, it was one of the twelve Brazilian host cities of the World Cup and also one of the five subsections of the 2016 Olympics held in Rio de Janeiro.